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Proper Brake Bleeding Sequence

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  1. #1
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    2002 WS6

    Proper Brake Bleeding Sequence

    I apologize if this has been posted before, but after reading through a few posts there seems to be some contradicting answers rearding the proper order in which to bleed the brakes. This is directly from the GM SPO Service Manual:

    Hydraulic Brake System Bleeding Manual
    Notice
    When adding fluid to the brake master cylinder reservoir, use only Delco Supreme 11, GM P/N 12377967 (Canadian P/N 992667), or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed brake fluid container. The use of any type of fluid other than the recommended type of brake fluid, may cause contamination which could result in damage to the internal rubber seals and/or rubber linings of hydraulic brake system components.
    Notice
    Avoid spilling brake fluid onto painted surfaces, electrical connections, wiring, or cables. Brake fluid will damage painted surfaces and cause corrosion to electrical components. If any brake fluid comes in contact with painted surfaces, immediately flush the area with water. If any brake fluid comes in contact with electrical connections, wiring, or cables, use a clean shop cloth to wipe away the fluid.

    1. Place a clean shop cloth beneath the brake master cylinder to prevent brake fluid spills.
    2. With the ignition OFF and the brakes cool, apply the brakes 3-5 times, or until the brake pedal effort increases significantly, in order to deplete the brake booster power reserve.
    3. If you have performed a brake master cylinder bench bleeding on this vehicle, or if you disconnected the brake pipes from the master cylinder, you must perform the following steps:
    A. Ensure that the brake master cylinder reservoir is full to the maximum-fill level. If necessary, add Delco Supreme 11, GM U.S. P/N 12377967, GM Canada P/N 992667, or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed brake fluid container. If removal of the reservoir cap and diaphragm is necessary, clean the outside of the reservoir on and around the cap prior to removal.
    B. With the rear brake pipe installed securely to the master cylinder, loosen and separate the front brake pipe from the front port of the brake master cylinder.
    C. Allow a small amount of brake fluid to gravity bleed from the open port of the master cylinder.
    D. Reconnect the brake pipe to the master cylinder port and tighten securely.
    E. Have an assistant slowly depress the brake pedal fully and maintain steady pressure on the pedal.
    F. Loosen the same brake pipe to purge air from the open port of the master cylinder.
    G. Tighten the brake pipe, then have the assistant slowly release the brake pedal.
    H. Wait 15 seconds, then repeat steps 3.3-3.7 until all air is purged from the same port of the master cylinder.
    I. With the front brake pipe installed securely to the master cylinder - after all air has been purged from the front port of the master cylinder - loosen and separate the rear brake pipe from the master cylinder, then repeat steps 3.3-3.8.
    J. After completing the final master cylinder port bleeding procedure, ensure that both of the brake pipe-to-master cylinder fittings are properly tightened.
    4. Fill the brake master cylinder reservoir with Delco Supreme 11, GM U.S. P/N 12377967, GM Canada P/N 992667, or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed brake fluid container. Ensure that the brake master cylinder reservoir remains at least half-full during this bleeding procedure. Add fluid as needed to maintain the proper level. Clean the outside of the reservoir on and around the reservoir cap prior to removing the cap and diaphragm.
    5. Install a proper box-end wrench onto the RIGHT REAR wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve.
    6. Install a transparent hose over the end of the bleeder valve.
    7. Submerge the open end of the transparent hose into a transparent container partially filled with Delco Supreme 11, GM U.S. P/N 12377967, GM Canada P/N 992667, or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed brake fluid container.
    8. Have an assistant slowly depress the brake pedal fully and maintain steady pressure on the pedal.
    9. Loosen the bleeder valve to purge air from the wheel hydraulic circuit.
    10. Tighten the bleeder valve, then have the assistant slowly release the brake pedal.
    11. Wait 15 seconds, then repeat steps 8-10 until all air is purged from the same wheel hydraulic circuit.
    12. With the right rear wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve tightened securely - after all air has been purged from the right rear hydraulic circuit - install a proper box-end wrench onto the LEFT REAR, without traction control, or the LEFT FRONT, with traction control, wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve.
    13. Install a transparent hose over the end of the bleeder valve, then repeat steps 7-11.
    14. With the left rear, without traction control, or the left front, with traction control, wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve tightened securely - after all air has been purged from the left rear, without traction control, or the left front, with traction control, hydraulic circuit - install a proper box-end wrench onto the RIGHT FRONT, without traction control, or the LEFT REAR, with traction control, wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve.
    15. Install a transparent hose over the end of the bleeder valve, then repeat steps 7-11.
    16. With the right front, without traction control, or the left rear, with traction control, wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve tightened securely - after all air has been purged from the right front, without traction control, or the left rear, with traction control, hydraulic circuit - install a proper box-end wrench onto the LEFT FRONT, without traction control, or the RIGHT FRONT, with traction control, wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve.
    17. Install a transparent hose over the end of the bleeder valve, then repeat steps 7-11.
    18. After completing the final wheel hydraulic circuit bleeding procedure, ensure that each of the 4 wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valves are properly tightened.
    19. Fill the brake master cylinder reservoir to the maximum-fill level with Delco Supreme 11, GM U.S. P/N 12377967, GM Canada P/N 992667, or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed brake fluid container.
    20. Slowly depress and release the brake pedal. Observe the feel of the brake pedal.
    21. If the brake pedal feels spongy, repeat the bleeding procedure again. If the brake pedal still feels spongy after repeating the bleeding procedure, perform the following steps:
    . Inspect the brake system for external leaks. Refer to Brake System External Leak Inspection .
    A. Pressure bleed the hydraulic brake system in order to purge any air that may still be trapped in the system.
    22. Turn the ignition key ON, with the engine OFF. Check to see if the brake system warning lamp remains illuminated.
    Important
    DO NOT allow the vehicle to be driven until it is diagnosed and repaired.
    23. If the brake system warning lamp remains illuminated, refer to Symptoms - Hydraulic Brakes .

  2. #2
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    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Hydraulic Brake System Bleeding Pressure
    Tools Required
    • J 29532 Diaphragm Type Brake Pressure Bleeder, or equivalent
    • J 35589-A Brake Pressure Bleeder Adapter
    Notice
    When adding fluid to the brake master cylinder reservoir, use only Delco Supreme 11, GM P/N 12377967 (Canadian P/N 992667), or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed brake fluid container. The use of any type of fluid other than the recommended type of brake fluid, may cause contamination which could result in damage to the internal rubber seals and/or rubber linings of hydraulic brake system components.
    Notice
    Avoid spilling brake fluid onto painted surfaces, electrical connections, wiring, or cables. Brake fluid will damage painted surfaces and cause corrosion to electrical components. If any brake fluid comes in contact with painted surfaces, immediately flush the area with water. If any brake fluid comes in contact with electrical connections, wiring, or cables, use a clean shop cloth to wipe away the fluid.

    1. Place a clean shop cloth beneath the brake master cylinder to prevent brake fluid spills.
    2. With the ignition OFF and the brakes cool, apply the brakes 3-5 times, or until the brake pedal effort increases significantly, in order to deplete the brake booster power reserve.
    3. If you have performed a brake master cylinder bench bleeding on this vehicle, or if you disconnected the brake pipes from the master cylinder, you must perform the following steps:
    A. Ensure that the brake master cylinder reservoir is full to the maximum-fill level. If necessary, add Delco Supreme 11, GM U.S. P/N 12377967, GM Canada P/N 992667, or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed brake fluid container. If removal of the reservoir cap and diaphragm is necessary, clean the outside of the reservoir on and around the cap prior to removal.
    B. With the rear brake pipe installed securely to the master cylinder, loosen and separate the front brake pipe from the front port of the brake master cylinder.
    C. Allow a small amount of brake fluid to gravity bleed from the open port of the master cylinder.
    D. Reconnect the brake pipe to the master cylinder port and tighten securely.
    E. Have an assistant slowly depress the brake pedal fully and maintain steady pressure on the pedal.
    F. Loosen the same brake pipe to purge air from the open port of the master cylinder.
    G. Tighten the brake pipe, then have the assistant slowly release the brake pedal.
    H. Wait 15 seconds, then repeat steps 3.3-3.7 until all air is purged from the same port of the master cylinder.
    I. With the front brake pipe installed securely to the master cylinder - after all air has been purged from the front port of the master cylinder - loosen and separate the rear brake pipe from the master cylinder, then repeat steps 3.3-3.8.
    J. After completing the final master cylinder port bleeding procedure, ensure that both of the brake pipe-to-master cylinder fittings are properly tightened.
    4. Fill the brake master cylinder reservoir to the maximum-fill level with Delco Supreme 11, GM U.S. P/N 12377967, GM Canada P/N 992667, or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed brake fluid container. Clean the outside of the reservoir on and around the reservoir cap prior to removing the cap and diaphragm.
    5. Install the J 35589-A to the brake master cylinder reservoir.
    6. Check the brake fluid level in the J 29532 , or equivalent. Add Delco Supreme 11, GM U.S. P/N 12377967, GM Canada P/N 992667, or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed brake fluid container as necessary to bring the level to approximately the half-full point.
    7. Connect the J 29532 , or equivalent, to the J 35589-A .
    8. Charge the J 29532 , or equivalent, air tank to 175-205 kPa (25-30 psi).
    9. Open the J 29532 , or equivalent, fluid tank valve to allow pressurized brake fluid to enter the brake system.
    10. Wait approximately 30 seconds, then inspect the entire hydraulic brake system in order to ensure that there are no existing external brake fluid leaks. Any brake fluid leaks identified require repair prior to completing this procedure.
    11. Install a proper box-end wrench onto the RIGHT REAR wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve.
    12. Install a transparent hose over the end of the bleeder valve.
    13. Submerge the open end of the transparent hose into a transparent container partially filled with Delco Supreme 11, GM U.S. P/N 12377967, GM Canada P/N 992667, or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed brake fluid container.
    14. Loosen the bleeder valve to purge air from the wheel hydraulic circuit. Allow fluid to flow until air bubbles stop flowing from the bleeder, then tighten the bleeder valve.
    15. With the right rear wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve tightened securely - after all air has been purged from the right rear hydraulic circuit - install a proper box-end wrench onto the LEFT REAR, without traction control, or the LEFT FRONT, with traction control, wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve.
    16. Install a transparent hose over the end of the bleeder valve, then repeat steps 13-14.
    17. With the left rear, without traction control, or the left front, with traction control, wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve tightened securely - after all air has been purged from the left rear, without traction control, or the left front, with traction control, hydraulic circuit - install a proper box-end wrench onto the RIGHT FRONT, without traction control, or the LEFT REAR, with traction control, wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve.
    18. Install a transparent hose over the end of the bleeder valve, then repeat steps 13-14.
    19. With the right front, without traction control, or the left rear, with traction control, wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve tightened securely - after all air has been purged from the right front, without traction control, or the left rear, with traction control, hydraulic circuit - install a proper box-end wrench onto the LEFT FRONT, without traction control, or the RIGHT FRONT, with traction control, wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valve.
    20. Install a transparent hose over the end of the bleeder valve, then repeat steps 13-14.
    21. After completing the final wheel hydraulic circuit bleeding procedure, ensure that each of the 4 wheel hydraulic circuit bleeder valves are properly tightened.
    22. Close the J 29532 , or equivalent, fluid tank valve, then disconnect the J 29532 , or equivalent, from the J 35589-A .
    23. Remove the J 35589-A from the brake master cylinder reservoir.
    24. Fill the brake master cylinder reservoir to the maximum-fill level with Delco Supreme 11, GM U.S. P/N 12377967, GM Canada P/N 992667, or equivalent DOT-3 brake fluid from a clean, sealed brake fluid container.
    25. Slowly depress and release the brake pedal. Observe the feel of the brake pedal.
    26. If the brake pedal feels spongy perform the following steps:
    . Inspect the brake system for external leaks. Refer to Brake System External Leak Inspection .
    A. Using a scan tool, perform the antilock brake system automated bleeding procedure to remove any air that may have been trapped in the BPMV.
    27. Turn the ignition key ON, with the engine OFF. Check to see if the brake system warning lamp remains illuminated.
    Important
    DO NOT allow the vehicle to be driven until it is diagnosed and repaired.
    28. If the brake system warning lamp remains illuminated, refer to Symptoms - Hydraulic Brakes .

  3. #3
    Senior Member Too Fast's Avatar
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    Didn't read the whole thing, but sounds like this procedure is for a complete brake bleed, like when you replace all the lines/hoses and you let the master cyl run out. Or replaced the m/c.

    Many times if you only replace the m/c you can bench bleed that, install it and you are good to go. What you don't want to do is introduce more air in the brake system by pumping a dry m/c installing air thru the rest of the car. The m/c is usually the highest point in the brake system, so when you disconnect the fluid lines no air will usually get in the system, especially when you install the new, bled m/c when it is dripping brake fluid during the install. Just don't let it run out!

    Now if you only replace calipers or some front brake hoses and the m/c doesn't go low on fluid, then all you have to do is bleed that section.

    Make sure to only use Delco Supreme brake fluid, lol.

    Very detailed write up, involving the use of a pressure bleeder.


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